This edition of the moot court at the NCU, Gurugram deals with the sensitive issue of water preservation in a developing country. It sets out the case of a state where despite acute scarcity of water resources and effect on river water, rampant sand mining operations are being carried out violating the environmental norms. The problem in hand deals with severe loss in terms of fresh water resources and ecology leading to ecological dis-balance while struggling to meet the day to day needs. The proposition deals with the conundrum pertaining to sustainable development with right to life where there is a dire need to protect resources for future generations and at the same time promoting development activities. It touches upon the aspect of Right to work and livelihood of individuals vis-à-vis the preservation of resources for future generations. The moot court competition aims to tackle a pertinent question of how to balance the environmental concerns as well as the socio-economic needs of individuals.